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Introduction

The Socioeconomic Plants Conservation Strategy for the Sultanate of Oman's aimed is to provide a blueprint to ensure conservation of the genetic diversity of plant genetic resources with a particular emphasis on crop landraces, crop wild relatives, medicinal plant and wild harvested species of socioeconomic importance at national and regional level. The achievement of this aim will assist Oman fulfil its vision that the value of Plant Genetic Resources (PGR)  and its importance in contributing to the overall development of ecosystem, environment and food security in Oman is recognised. Further, it will ensure the aim of improving the livelihood of the people of Oman is achieved by promoting policies and viable programs for the conservation and the enhanced use of plant diversity. The Strategy is divided into three parts and eleven chapters: Part 1 Background and Justification is composed two chapters that address the general background to PGR and their importance to food security and wealth creation in Oman. Part 2 Conservation and Use Strategies comprises seven chapters, which provide an introduction to socioeconomic plant resources analysis, followed by four chapters focusing on crop landrace (LR), crop wild relative (CWR), medicinal plant (MP) and wild harvested plant (WHP) conservation, then chapters addressing the impact of climate change and how Sustainable PGR Use might be promoted. Part 3 Synthesis and Recommendations does what it says and provides recommendations for    conservation action. 

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