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Arthropods Gene bank Establishment

The most diverse group of the animal kingdom, arthropods make up 75% of the world's animal species (Gerdesa, Uhla & Alpersa, 2009).  They are subdivided into four major groups:

o   Insects

o   Myriapods

o   Arachnids

o   Crustaceans

Arthropods make a key contribution to biodiversity, playing a major role in maintaining ecosystems as:

o   Pollinators of most flowering plants

o   Natural enemies of pests

o   Recyclers of dead animal and plant matters

o   Food for other animals

o   Mixers and fertilizers of soil ​

Arthropod biodiversity is evolving continuously as a result of environmental changes and human activities. 



Aims & Objectives
The main objective of this project is to preserve the genetic diversity of a collection of the more important and conspicuous arthropods obtained from the College of Agricultural & Marine Sciences, SQU and National Field Research Center for Environment Conservation (NFRCEC) within OAPGRC gene bank at University of Nizwa.

Objectives​

  • Maintaining the genetic diversity of the most socioeconomically important arthropods samples.
  •  Producing a catalogue of arthropod species in Oman
  •  Establishing a database of arthropod species in Oman

 

Project Phases 

The project includes three phases:

  • Phase I (Submit the proposal draftOrder the consumable items for morphological and molecular identificationAgree with all parties on their aims and responsibilities​)

  • o  Phase II (morphological and molecular identification of the socioeconomically samples of arthropods species in Oman; preservation the species samples)

o  Phase III (collecting and identifying the samples of arthropods species that were not surveyed in Oman and less important based on morphological and molecular of methods; preserving the species samples; writing scientific reports and research paper).









Timeframe

Timeframe​​Task​​

January 2017 - December 2019

 

 Phase I 

 

January 2019 - December 2020

 

Phase IIpreserving the species samplesDevelop a database for arthropods collection, Writing the report of the Phase I

September 2020 - June 2021

 

Phase III ​& Publishing


CollaboratorsSultan Qaboos University (SQU), National Field Research Center for Environment Conservation (NFRCEC) and Natural History Museum (NHM).
Project team

SQU (Dr. Ali Al Wahaibi, Mr. Ali Al Raeesi, Dr. Riaz Shah and Dr. Salama A-Humaidi).

OAPGRC (Dr. Ali Al Lawati, Dr. Ihab Shaat, Mrs. Asila Al Naabi and Mrs. Zahra Al Shabibi)

NFRCEC (Mr. Khalifa Al Haji, Mr. Said Al Rashdi and Mr. Nasser Al Rahbi)

o  NHM  (Mrs. Azza Al Jabri and Ms. Shaikha Al Shukaili)

Achievements/ Impacts/ Outcomes

o Defining the socioeconomically important arthropods species in Oman

o​ All the consumable items required for conducting the morphological and molecular identification for arthropods  species have been ordered

Follow up

o​ Collecting samples that were not surveyed in Oman, less important and difficult to identify.

o​ Starting the  morphological and molecular identification for arthropods  species.

o​ Training junior staff from OAPGRC, NHM and NFRCEC in morphological and molecular species identification.

  • o​ Developing arthropods database

  • o​ Preserving arthropods samples in the gene bank

o​ Writing scientific report and research paper