Identification and Preservation of Macrofungal species in the Sultanate of Oman
Macrofungi are fungi that form large fruiting bodies greater than
1 cm in height and/ or width (Redhead, 1997; Bates, 2006). They are visible without the aid of a microscope,
may be either epigenous or hypogenous (Mueller et al., 2007; Devi and
Shrivastava, 2016). It is estimated that the fungi species in the
world is 1.5 million in which only 7.3 %( about 110,000 species) are
macrofungi and most of them belong to Basidiomycota and Ascomycota (Mueller et
al., 2007). Spring and autumn are the most seasons, which are rich with
macrofungi species because of humid
climate as well as the richness of the flora. (Sibounnavong et al., 2008).
However, during the monsoon (July–September) mountains around Dhofar are rain
soaked, covered in fog and are favorable for many living organisms (Sale,
1980). In Oman fungi studies started in the late 19th century with
collections made by European scientists. The first detailed survey of fungi in
Oman was carried by Waller and Bridge (1978) with the publication ‘’Plant
Diseases and Nematodes in the Sultanate of Oman’’ (AL-SADI, 2016). There are limited researches on biodiversity
of macrofungal species in Oman. For example, most of the research about desert
truffles was done with European and Australian truffles and very little is
known in Gulf countries. (Al-Qarawi and Mridha, 2012).
|Objective||The main aim of
this project is to collect, identifying and preserving of macrofungi, which grow
naturally in different area and different seasons in the Sultanate of Oman
especially in monsoon season in Dhofar region.|
- 1. To establish
the first collection and database of macrofungi in the Sultanate of Oman
following standard collection methods.
molecular characterization study of Ganoderma species samples collected by College
of Science, Sultan Qaboos University from different parts in Oman.
the taxonomically undetermined species of macrofungi using both morphological
and molecular methods as well as the characterization.
To produce a
catalogued and representative collection of properly preserved macrofungi specimens,
by using standard preservation techniques.
- 5. To publish scientific paper(s) on the outcomes
Step 1: Sample collection
Identification (Morphological and Molecular)
Step 3: Preservation
|Project management||Oman Animal & Plant Genetic Resources Center (OAPGRC), Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) and Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (MECA)|
|Expected outcomes||Identification and preservation of the complete set of collected samples, Omani macrofungi gene bank and database establishment and scientific publication(s)|