Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content


The fauna of Oman is still not completely described and indeed is capable of offering up surprises. For example, a 2013 report records the discovery of a new owl species (Strix omanensis) in the Hajar Mountains, and a new gecko (Stenodactylus sharqiyahensis) in the Wahiba sands.


The sultanate's small land area is home to nineteen locally endemic reptiles, as well as the Arabian tahr, a mammal endemic to the region which is, along with the Arabian leopard, oryx, ibex, and gazelle, is a threatened species and in urgent need of conservation.


Birds_Musandam_Socotra cormorants_2.jpg

Several sanctuaries have been set up in Oman to restore the gazelle and oryx population. However, existing facilities need to be developed and new ones established.


Domestic animals in Oman are represented by racing breeds - camels and horses; food animals - goats, cows, chicken; and transport animals - donkeys. Certain valued local types of goats are bred in different governorates of the sultanate, and Omani racing camels are highly prized in the region.








Species of the week (Goats)


Kingdom: Animalia, Phylum: Chordata, Class: Mammalia, Order: Artiodactyla, Family: Bovidae, Scientific Name:  Capra aegagrus hircus

Omani Goat Breeds

Batinah, Jebel Akhdar, Dhofari, Jabbali, Sahrawi

Birds_Musandam_Socotra cormorants_2.jpg

Physical Characteristics


Colour: Dark brown, light brown and black with white spots on the face, belly and lower limbs

Hair: Long & coarse

Horns: Bent backward

Height: Around 70 cm,Length: Around 40 kg


Jebel Akhdar

Colour: Brown

Hair: Soft & moderate length

Horns: Long - some without

Height: Around 115 cm

Length: Around 50 kg



Colour: Solid black body with brown stripes around neck and stomach

Horns: Yes

Height: Around 67 cm

Length: Around 50 kg



Colour: White - occasionally black, dark & light brown

Hair: Short, soft

Horns: Short

Height: Around 80 cm

Length: Around 45 kg


(Source: The State of Animal Genetic Resources in Oman, 2012, Directorate General of Agriculture & Livestock Research, pg. 4. Omani Encyclopedia Volume IX, pgs. 3132-3134)