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​​​​​Oman's geography offers a range of habitats for micro-organisms, including the extremely saline and/or hot environments of sabkhas and deserts, plus subsurface oil reservoirs. Such conditions are famous amongst microbiologists for their richness of microbial life and the existence of unique species and strains.

 
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​The application of local microbial strains could be diverse: wastewater treatment, hydrocarbon spills cleanup, dairy industry, biotechnological processing of chemicals and so on. At this time, these directions are restricted by the lack of a proper accounting system for Oman specific microbial taxa.


 

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In order to study newly discovered organisms proper, systematic accounting and collection measures are required. Currently, OAPGRC is working on the establishment of a national micro-organism collection, with up-to-date research and computer facilities.​




 

Xanthomonas axonopodis

 

Scientific Name: Xanthomonas axonopodis

Family: Xanthomonadaceae

Classification: Pathogen

Microscopic appearance:

  • Gram Stain: Gram-negative

  • Morphology: rod-shaped bacteria

  • Size: 0.4 to 1.0 µm wide by 0.7 to 2.0 µm long

Habitat:

  • Associated with plants as pathogens, occur in cultivated citrus plants

Features:

  • Caused soreness bacterial disease in fruits and leaves of citrus (lemon)

  •  Causes lesions on the leaves, stems, and fruit 

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المصدر: الموسوعة العمانية، المجلد الثاني ، صفحة 538